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Francis Scott Key Bridge Collapse Disrupts Port Operations and Global Supply Chains

Bridge collapse in Baltimore disrupts port operations, reroutes shipments, and spikes transportation costs, with significant local and economic impacts.

By Jack Wilson

4/3, 15:45 EDT

Key Takeaway

  • The Francis Scott Key Bridge collapse on March 26 disrupts Port of Baltimore operations, affecting global supply chains and local economies.
  • Rerouting to alternative ports like New York-New Jersey and Savannah, Ga., spikes transportation costs; Kubota faces a sixfold increase in trucking expenses.
  • The incident results in presumed deaths of six workers, underscoring the human toll alongside significant logistical and economic impacts.

Bridge Collapse Disrupts Port Operations

The collapse of the Francis Scott Key Bridge on March 26, following a collision with the Singapore-flagged containership bound for Sri Lanka, has significantly disrupted operations at the Port of Baltimore, one of the U.S. East Coast's major ports. The incident has necessitated a massive logistics effort to reroute shipments, affecting a wide range of stakeholders including major automakers, local truckers, railroads, and both exporters and importers. The port's closure has forced companies to find alternative ports and transportation methods, complicating the global supply chain further.

Col. Estee Pinchasin, the district commander of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, described the wreckage as "far more extensive than we could have imagined," complicating the clearance effort. The port officials have yet to provide an estimate for when the shipping channel will reopen, leaving many in a state of uncertainty.

Economic Impact and Response

The economic repercussions of the bridge collapse are being felt across various sectors, with the Port of Baltimore being a crucial node for automotive and heavy machinery imports and exports. In 2023, the port handled approximately 847,000 cars and light trucks, the highest in the country, and was a significant gateway for heavy farm and construction machinery. The closure has prompted a shift in operations to other ports, with authorities from New York-New Jersey to Savannah, Ga., indicating readiness to handle the diverted cargoes. However, this rerouting is expected to increase transportation costs significantly for shippers and logistics operators.

Companies like Kubota are redirecting shipments to the Port of Virginia, with the added transportation raising trucking costs more than sixfold, according to Robert Davy, Kubota’s director of supply-chain operations in the U.S. Freight broker Total Quality Logistics is also adjusting, rerouting around 50 automotive-related shipments scheduled through Baltimore in the coming weeks.

Local and Human Impact

The bridge collapse has not only affected cargo movement but also had a profound human toll. Six workers from a crew of Latino immigrants are presumed dead following the collapse, which occurred while they were conducting maintenance work on the bridge. The tragedy has left families and the community in mourning, highlighting the personal costs of such infrastructure failures.

Local traffic has been significantly impacted, with truckers Jaclin and Trent Wilmoth noting an increase in their operational costs due to detours. The disruption is expected to last three to six months, according to Brian Webb, president of port services for NFI Industries, affecting the efficiency and cost of transportation in the region.

Management Quotes

  • Alan Baer, CEO of OL-USA:

    "You keep widening the circle of what you have to do. There’s sort of the first five yards around in a circle where you’re going to do what’s immediate. What’s on the dock, what’s on the ship? Then, what’s at the port? What’s en route, and then what’s the long term?"

  • Robert Davy, Director of Supply-chain Operations in the U.S. for Kubota:

    "Our number one concern is protecting the dealer and the customer from any kind of shipping disruption."

  • Brian Webb, President of Port Services for NFI Industries:

    "This is probably a three- to six-month problem. But it's going to be a heck of a three- to six-month problem."